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People of faith around the world gather.  With this website, we explore why and how they do. No matter what form the gathering takes—a parish, synagogue, mosque, temple, prayer circle, etc.—these are transformational human communities with religious and spiritual purposes. Whether your aim is to understand them or to lead them, learning to see these communities in all their human joy and messiness is essential. So we invite you to understand, to explore and to engage.

Understand

This website builds on two generations of insight by scholars and leaders who have developed ways of thinking about seeing a congregation. We call them frames because by looking through the ecology, theology, culture, resources and process of a gathering, we move toward deeper understanding. That’s the place to start.

Explore

Experts in anthropology, social work, theology, sociology, public policy and ritual studies have great insight into these transformational communities. Return often for new findings, search our archives for articles that answer your questions and explore our searchable bibliographic database to start your reading list.

Engage

If you are seeking to better understand a congregation—whether your own or another—it’s time to engage in your own research project! But first, assemble your toolkit. Our free PDF downloads are introductions to tools you can use. Educators take note: they're perfect for use in seminary, M.Div., D.Min., religious studies or social science classrooms!

Featured Article

What’s your ‘Sung’ Theology?

Here’s a research project for anyone curious about the theology that is being preached when the preacher isn’t in the pulpit. Go back through the orders of service for the last year and see what was being sung. What sorts of pictures of God were in those songs? What sorts of calls to action? What sorts of concerns for the world? What sorts of laments? And celebrations? What sorts of aspirations for how a person should live? Then, if you’re still curious about your congregation’s sung theology, ask a few people to talk about their favorite songs to sing and why they like them. And don’t forget to ask your worship planners what they think is important and why? Lots of people have written about singing and worship, but they haven’t always...
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Ecology

The congregation’s social environment: its neighborhood and region but also its denomination, networks and other institutions.

Theology

A theological frame means looking for how congregations reveal knowledge about God.

Culture

The culture of a congregation is its identity, its life together: the activities it does, its artifacts, habits, symbols, and the stories they tell.

Resources

The raw materials of congregational life, including: its members, building, reputation, history, its gifts and financial assets.

Process

The congregation’s “way of doing things”: its decision making, leadership; its morale, its power dynamics and patterns of relationship.

More about What We’re Thinking

News for the Studying Congregations Community

Just about every religious group out there is producing materials to assist congregations in this difficult time. In addition to ...
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What’s your ‘Sung’ Theology?

Here’s a research project for anyone curious about the theology that is being preached when the preacher isn’t in the ...
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Embodying Welcome

In every religious community that has life there are people who embody and extend that life. At Boston’s historic Trinity ...
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Beyond the “People”: The Stories Congregational Buildings Tell by Nancy Ammerman

Two stories back in 2014 had me thinking about that old children’s finger play – “Here’s the church, here’s the ...
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From the Toolkit: Stepping Back to Watch and Listen

The Studying Congregations Toolkit gives you the tools you need to better understand a congregation. These PDF downloads were created especially for seminarians and religious leaders. Often deepening our understanding of our congregational spaces and communities is as simple as learning to open our eyes to the hidden dynamics and realities at play on the ground. Find out more here!
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About Us

StudyingCongregations.org is the premier resource for understanding religious congregations in the United States. A collaborative project of leading scholars in the fields of sociology of religion, history, and practical theology, the strategies, resources and tools you will discover on this site have been designed specifically for theological educators, future religious leaders, and anyone else who wants to go beyond the received wisdom to discover what is happening in religious gatherings today.

This resource is offered to you as a gift of the Congregational Studies Team, an informal research group that has led the way in researching US congregations. Their work was generously funded by The Lilly Endowment.

Buy the Handbook

Prefer paper? Love a good throwback in time? Want more examples and exercises for understanding your congregation? Buy Studying Congregations: A New Handbook.

Buy it now!