Developed over decades of research, our frames of study will help you see religious communities in new ways. Together, the five frames can help researchers, students, and leaders alike form a more comprehensive understanding of congregations.

Seeing ‘ecologically’ is looking for the place of a congregation in its physical, cultural, and demographic environment


Seeing ‘theologically’ is looking for the ways a congregation understands and enacts its relationship with God.


Seeing ‘culturally’ is thinking like an anthropologist about the congregation, its home, and its ways of life.


Seeing through a resources frame is looking for all the ingredients that make the congregation’s life and work possible.


Seeing through a process frame is looking for the dynamics of decisions, changes, conflicts, and leadership.